Submission of a paper to this journal will be taken to imply that it represents original work not previously published, that it is not being considered elsewhere for publication, and that if accepted for publication it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in any language, without the consent of editor and publisher. It is a condition of the acceptance by the editor of a typescript for publication that the publishers acquire automatically the copyright in the typescript throughout the world. Length: The maximum length is 10,000 words (5,000 preferred). Short communications will be accepted and should be identified as such.


Style: It is helpful for clarity and readability for authors to adopt a standard format in presentation of material, under such headings as ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION, EXPERIMENTAL, RESULTS,  CONCLUSIONS and REFERENCES.

Language: English language is preferred, but French papers will be accepted if an English summary of approximately 300 words is also supplied.

Abstract: Each paper requires an abstract of 100-150 words summarizing the significant coverage and findings. Non-English papers should have a similar abstract in the original language, but also must contain the rather longer (approximately 300 words) abstract in English. Short communications in English do not require an abstract, but those in other languages should be accompanied by an English summary.



All figures should be numbered with consecutive Arabic numbers, have descriptive captions, and be mentioned in the text.




Wherever possible, mathematical equations should be typewritten, with subscripts and superscripts clearly shown. It is helpful to identify unusual or ambiguous symbols in the margin when they first occur. To simplify typesetting, please use (1) the "exp" form of complex exponential functions, (2) fractional exponents instead of root signs; and (3) the solidus (/) to simplify fractions - e.g. exp x 1/2. Marking: The printer will set mathematical symbols in italics, except for obvious groups like sin and log. Any symbols which are to be left in roman (ordinary) type should be encircled in pencil in the typescript; bold symbols should be underlined with a wavy line.



Number tables consecutively with Arabic numerals and give each a clear descriptive caption at the top. Avoid the use of vertical rules in tables. Where possible, tables should be presented in camera-ready form.



Metric units are preferred. If others are used, they should conform to standard practice. Acceptable abbreviations of units are given in the Style Manual of the American Institute of Physics and similar publications.





References and notes are indicated in the text by consecutive superior Arabic numbers (without parentheses). The full list should be collected and typed at the end of the paper in numerical order. Listed references should be complete in all details including, in quotation marks, article titles in journals. Authors' initials should precede their names; journal title abbreviations should conform to Inspect (Physics Abstracts, etc.) practice. Examples: [1] P. E. Dodd, " Charge Collection and SEU from Angled Ion Strikes", IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 2256, (1997)

[1] R. Koga " Single-Event Effect Ground Test Issues", IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43, 670 (1996).



Set first-level headings in the text over to the left, typed all in capitals (upper-case); begin the text on the following line. Second-level headings should be typed in small (lower-case) letters but with all main words capitalized; underline the heading and start the text on the next line. For third-level headings, only the first letter should be a capital; underline, then run on the text after three typewriter spaces.


Second-level Text Heading

Third-level heading With text run on.




Authors will receive page proofs (including figures) by airmail for correction, which must be returned to the printer within 48 hours of receipt. Please ensure that a full postal address is given on the first page of the manuscript, so that proofs are not delayed in the post.